Recognizing that there are tobacco-related health disparities in our state, several specific initiatives have been developed to address the needs of these populations as well as research directed toward uncovering additional disparate populations.
What is Tobacco-Related Health Disparities?
Current smoking rates are attributed to multiple factors including socioeconomic status, cultural characteristics, acculturation, stress, targeted advertising, price of cigarettes, parental and community disapproval of smoking, and varying capacities of communities to mount effective tobacco control initiatives.
The Louisiana Tobacco-Related Disparities Strategic Plan
The LTCP Disparities Summary Report
Why priority populations?
Contributing factors to tobacco use and the harmful health effects of smoking include:
- Low socio-economic status
- Historical factors and traditions
- Cultural practices among racial/ethnic groups
Aggressive targeted marketing by the tobacco industry directed at disenfranchised groups. As a result, these populations have higher smoking prevalence rates and related health consequences.
The Environmental Scan and Population Assessment is a tool used by LTCP to gather information about population groups while becoming more informed about issues regarding priority populations in Louisiana. This tool also supplements existing quantitative data on tobacco use prevalence and exposure to secondhand smoke and highlights critical issues for the workgroup to consider in the development of the strategic plan?s goals and strategies.
Native American Needs Assessment and Survey is being used to gather information related to Louisiana tribes to establish method using best practices that will allow the Louisiana Tobacco Control Program to carry out its goal of providing cessation, education, and outreach to this priority population.
Louisiana Tobacco Disparities Report
Tobacco-Related Health Disparaties Coalition
You can reap the benefits of quitting smoking in as little as 20 minutes.
After 20 minutes
Blood pressure and pulse rate improve to healthier levels.
After 8 hours
Carbon monoxide and oxygen levels in blood return to normal.
After 1 day
Your chance of a heart attack decreases.
After 2 days
Nerve endings regenerate; sense of smell and taste are enhanced.
After 2 weeks
Circulation improves and lung function increases.
After 1-9 months
Coughing, sinus congestion, fatigue and shortness of breath decrease.
After 1 year
Chance of heart attack is cut in half.
After 5 years
Stroke risk is reduced to the same levels as a non-smoker.
After 10 years
Risk of dying from lung cancer is about half that of a current smoker.
After 15 years
Risk of coronary heart disease and death is about the same as it is for those who have never smoked.